Effect of Distillation Tank Density and Storage Time on the Quality and Chemical Composition of Cajuput Oil

Satrian Nur Alam, Rini Pujiarti, Kasmudjo Kasmudjo


Cajuput oil is a commodity of non-timber forest product which is needed and potential to be developed in Indonesia. Therefore, further research on the factors of production and post-production are needed to produce optimum quality. In this study, the leaves of cajuput (Melaleuca cajuputi Powell) were distillated by water-steam distillation. This study evaluated effects of distillation tank density (60%, 70%, and 80%) and oil storage time (0 month, 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months) on physicochemical properties and chemical compositions of cajuput oils. The results showed that cajuput oils had a specific gravity of 0.915~0.923; optical rotation of (-2,10°) ~ (-1,20°); refractive index of 1.463~1.464; solubility in alcohol 1 : 1; cineole contents of 61.18~76.24%; clear to yellowish clear color; distinctive smell of cajuput and in accordance with SNI 06-3954- 2006. The GC-MS analysis identified 24 of chemical components on the cajuput oils with main components were 1,8-cineole, α-pinene, and β-caryophylene. Tank density 70% to 80% with the oil storage time up to 3 months still gives the optimum quality and chemical compositions.


Cajuput oil; distillation tank density; storage time; physico-chemical properties; chemical composition

Full Text:



Anonymous. 2006. Cajuput Oil Standard Quality SNI 063954-2006. Jakarta.

______. 2014. Melaleuca cajuputi Powell. (Myrtaceae).Putrajaya: GlobeinMed. Retrieved January 25, 2018(http://www.globinmed.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=79128:melaleuca-cajuputipowell-myrtaceae&catid=199:safety-ofherbal&Itemid=139.html).

Ariyani, F.; L.E. Setiawan; and E.F. Soetaredjo. 2008. Extraction of Lemon Grass Essential Oil Using Methanol Solvents, Acetone and N-Hexane (Article in Indonesian). Widya Teknik 7(2): 124-33.

Brophy, J.J. and J.C. Doran. 1996. Essential oils of tropicalAsteromyrtus, Callistemon and Melaleuca species: in search of interesting oils with commercial potential. Canberra. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research.

Effendi, V.P. and S.B. Widjanarko. 2014. Distillation and Characterization of Jeringau Rhizome (Acorus calamus) Essential Oils by Study in Distillation Time and Distillation Solvents Ratio (Article in Indonesian). Jurnal Pangan dan Agroindustri 2(2): 1-8.

Guenther, E. 1987. Essential Oil. Volume 1. Jakarta.Universitas Indonesia Press.

Kartikawati, N.K. and A. Rimbawanto. 2014. Cajuput Industry Development Potential (Book in Indonesian). Bogor. Department of Forestry.

Kasmudjo. 2011. Introduction of Non Wood Forest Product (Book in Indonesian). Yogyakarta. Cakrawala Media.

Ketaren S. 1985. Introduction of Essential Oil Technology (Book in Indonesian). Jakarta. PN Balai Pustaka.

Najafian, S. 2014. Storage Conditions Affect the Essential Oil Composition of Cultivated Balm Mint Herb (Lamiaceae) in Iran. Industrial Crops and Products 52: 575-81.

Rowshan, V.; A. Bahmanzadegan; and M.J. Saharkhiz. 2013. Influence of Storage Conditions on the Essential Oil Composition of Thymus daenensis Celak. Industrial Crops and Products 49: 97-101.

Sumadiwangsa, S. and T. Silitonga. 1977. Cajuput Leaves Distillation Special Publication No. 42 (Book in Indonesian). Bogor. Forest Product Research Institute.

Turek C. and F.C Stintzing. 2012. Impact of Different Storage Conditions on The Quality of Selected Essential Oils. Food Research International 46: 34153.

Turek, C. and F. C. Stintzing. 2013. Impact of Different Storage Conditions on The Quality of Selected Essential Oils. Food Research International 46(1): 341-53.

Widiyanto A. and M. Siarudin. 2013. Characteristics of Leaves and yield of Essential Oil from Five Cajuput Plants (Article in Indonesian). Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan 31(4): 235-41.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.51850/wrj.2019.10.1.18-25


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Wood Research Journal

Indexed by:




Copyright ©Wood Research Journal  

    ISSN: 2087-3840,       EISSN: 2774-9320



WRJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License